No.1 Hagia Sophia, 
The Hagia Sophia, or Ayasofya, is the eighth wonder of the world. Originally a cathedral, this magnificent structure was converted into a mosque after the Ottomans conquered the Byzantine Empire in the 16th century. Construction on the edifice began in the 6th century under the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.

Ayasofya is now a museum in Istanbul and unquestionably one of the best places to see in the city. Upon entering, you will be awed by the stunning mosaics and other works of art that adorn the interior of the structure. Another reason Ayasofya is so important is that it serves as a unifying emblem for the world's religions.

No.2 Two, Ephesus
Construction on Ephesus began in the 10th century BCE. Remains of buildings dating back centuries attest to its popularity. From the time of the ancient Greeks until the conquest of the Roman Empire and the advent of Christianity, relics from each era may be seen by visitors.

Ephesus is on the southwestern coast of Turkey, some eighty kilometers south of Izmir. The Temple of Artemis and the Temple of Hadrian are two of the best known.

No.3 Third, the Cappadocia region
Another important historical site in central Turkey is Cappadocia. Characteristic cliffs have been formed over the course of millions of years by the action of wind and water.

Because of their mystical appearance and ancient significance, the towering rock formations of Cappadocia are sometimes referred to as "fairy chimneys."

The rock-cut buildings, which range in size from little chapels tucked away in caves to incredible multi-cave constructions, are among the best preserved in the world.

Underground districts of Kaymakli and Derinkuyu going back to 2000 BCE are among the things you should see, along with the villages of Goreme, Uchisar, and Avanos in the very center of Cappadocia.

This site may be explored on foot, but most travelers also enjoy viewing the environment from above aboard a hot air balloon.

No.4 The Topkapi Palace
During the 400 years while its sultan residents ruled the Ottoman Empire, Topkapi Palace was first a lavish abode.

Topkapi Palace is now one of the most popular museums in all of Turkey, and many travelers to Istanbul would not consider their vacation complete unless they see the palace.

This castle is well-known for its glitz and splendor; guests particularly like the palace's huge courtyards, tranquil garden, many pavilions, and other diverse areas.

Visitors may peruse the library's collection of Ottoman artifacts, which includes books, manuscripts, and more.

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